1)What is the aim of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)?
A. The MGNREGA aims to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed work in every financial year to every rural Household and adult household members who are willing to do unskilled manual work.
2) What are the main objectives of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)?
A. The objectives of the MGNREGS are:
(a) Providing at least 100 days of unskilled manual work as guaranteed employment in a financial year. And build durable assets to improve infrastructure in remote areas.
(b) Strengthen the livelihood resource base of low-income families in rural areas.
(c) Strengthen the Panchayati Raj Institutions.
3) What are the Goals of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)?
A. The goals are:
(a) Providing at least 100 days of unskilled manual work as guaranteed employment in a financial year and building durable assets to improve infrastructure in remote areas.
(b) Strengthen the livelihood resource base of low-income families in rural areas.
4) When was the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act passed in India by the Indian Parliament?
A. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was passed on August 23, 2005, by the Indian Parliament.
5) When was the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Notified?
A. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was notified to all the gram panchayats through the Gazette of India (Extraordinary) Notification dated September 7, 2005, and later it came into action on February 2, 2006, in more than 200 backward districts.
6) Is the Employment Guarantee Act restricted to particular states or districts?
A. No, it is not limited, and it is implemented in all rural districts of all the states of India. The Scheme currently runs in 644 districts in different states of India.
7) What is the current name of the Scheme?
A. Currently, the name of the Scheme is Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), which was earlier known as the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA).
8) What is the official website of the MGNREGA scheme?
A. The official website of the MGNREGA scheme is www.nrega.nic.in.
9) Who are the key stakeholders of MGNREGS?
A. The main stakeholders are:
1. Wage seekers
2. Gram Sabha (GS)
3. Third-tier Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs)
4. Program Officer at the Block level
5. District Programme Coordinator (DPC)
6. State Government
7. Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD)
8. Civil Society
9. Other stakeholders [viz. line departments, convergence departments, Self-Help Groups
10) What are the Roles & Responsibilities of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD)?
A. The roles and responsibilities of the MoRD are:
i) Create and update the Rules under the MGNREGA.
ii) Issue Operational Guidelines for the successful usage of the MGNREGA.
iii) Audit rundown of endorsed works under MGNREGA in light of requests of State Governments.
iv) Constitute the CEGC and organize meetings of the council.
v) Set up and operate the National Employment Guarantee Fund.
vi) Set up a National Management Team (NMT) within the Department of Rural Development to
perform national level functions under MGNREGA.
vii) Make a budgetary portion and guarantee the promising arrival of Central offer.
viii) Keep up and work the MIS to catch and track information on essential parts of execution,
also, survey the use of assets through a lot of execution markers.
ix) Support and facilitate the use of Information Technology (IT) to increase efficiency and
transparency in the implementation of the MGNREGA.
x) Facilitate technical support and capacity building to improve outcomes
xi) Support innovations that help in improving processes towards the achievement of the objectives
of the Act
xii) Monitor, evaluate and research the performance of MGNREGA
xiii) Impanel agencies that can be used by State Governments as PIAs for implementation of
MGNREGA is working to determine the percentage value of funding that can be given to them to
meet their administrative costs.
11) What are the responsibilities of the State Government in MGNREGS?
A. The responsibilities of the State Government are the following:
i) Frame Rules on matters about State responsibilities under Section 32 of the MGNREG Act.
ii) Create and tell the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme for the State.
iii) Set up the SEGC.
iv) Set up a state-level MGNREGS implementation agency/ mission with an adequate number of
high calibre professionals.
v) Set up a state-level MGNREGS social audit agency/directorate with a sufficient number of people
with knowledge of MGNREGA processes and demonstrated commitment to social audit
vi) Establish and operate a State Employment Guarantee Fund (SEGF)
vii) Ensure that the state portion of the MGNREGS spending plan is provisioned for and discharged into the SEGF at the beginning of the financial year so that it can be used as a revolving fund.
viii) Guarantee that full time committed faculty, any place required, are set up for actualizing MGNREGA, specifically the Employment Guarantee Assistant (Gram Rozgar Sahayak), the PO
and staff at State, District, Cluster and GP level
ix) Representative money related and regulatory forces to the DPC and the Program Officer, as is esteemed fundamental for the power usage of the Scheme.
x) Establish a network of professional agencies for training, technical support, and quality control measures
xi) Customary audit, research, observing, and assessment of MGNREGS procedures and result.
xii) Ensure accountability and transparency of the Scheme at all levels
xiii) Generate most extensive possible awareness of MGNREGA across the State.
xiv) Guarantee that common society association engaged with assembling MGNREGA labourers can officially meet State, region, and square level authorities in a proper setting at any rate once every month.
xv) Ensure compliance with all processes laid down in the Act, Rules, and guidelines.
12) What is the Job Card in the MGNREGA scheme?
13) What is the process to apply for employment under the MGNREGA scheme?
A. Households with adult members desirous of seeking unskilled wage employment in MGNREGA may apply for registration. Applications for registration may be given on prescribed form or plain paper to the local Gram Panchayat. To allow maximum opportunities for families that may migrate, registration shall also be opened throughout the year at the GP office.
14) How is the Household characterized in the MGNREGA scheme?
A. “Households” status signifies individuals from a family identified with one another by blood, marriage, or appropriation, regularly living together, sharing dinners, or holding a typical ration card.
15) Who can apply for Job Card Registration under the MGNREGA scheme?
A. Family units with grown-up individuals burning off looking for unskilled work at MGNREGA may apply for a Job Card.
16)Who can apply for a Job Card on behalf of a Household?
A. Any grown-up part can apply in the interest of the Household.
17)Age criteria to work under the MGNREGA scheme?
A. A person who has completed 18 years of age can apply for the MGNREGA scheme.
18)When will a candidate qualify for an unemployment allowance?
A. If an applicant is not employed within 15 days of receipt of his/her application requesting employment, in all cases of advance application, work should be provided from the date that job has been looked for or inside 15 days of the date of use, whichever is later. Else, the unemployment allowance becomes due. It will be calculated automatically by the computer system
or the Management Information System (MIS).
19)Who is responsible for the payment of the Unemployment allowance?
A. As per Section 7(3) of MGNREGA, the State Government is liable to pay unemployment allowance to
The Household is concerned. The State Government shall:
– Specify the rate of unemployment allowance payable [Section 7 (2) of Act]
– Frame Rules governing the procedure for payment of unemployment allowance and
– Make necessary budgetary provisions for the amount of unemployment allowance.
20)How are the payments of wages made to the wage seekers?
A. As per Para 30, Schedule II, the payment of wages shall unless so exempted by the Central Government, be made through the individual savings accounts of the workers in the correspondent banks or post offices.
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